Humans would not last long there…

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Carcharodontosaurus, one of the several giant theropods that were found in the Kem Kem Beds / Photo by Yoshikazu Takada / Wikimedia Commons

Carnivorous dinosaurs that rivaled or even exceeded the eponymous T.rex in size; fierce pterosaurs larger than any flying creature alive today, and dozens of species of crocodile-like reptiles no less terrifying than their contemporary descendants-all cramped together in the same confined locality. Sounds like a bad sci-fi movie scenario, right?

According to an international team of paleontologists, this nightmarish predatory assemblage really existed in North Africa roughly 100 million years ago. Today, the area near the border between Morocco and Algeria is one of the aridest and most inhospitable places on Earth. …

Journalist| Science & Ocean Liner Aficionado|

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Athens, Greece / Photo courtesy of the author.

Hey folks!

Below follows a brief introduction of myself. I’d like to keep it short, so I’d better start right away.

The Basics

My name is Panos Grigorakakis and I’m a journalist with experience in news writing, social media management, and content creation. I was born and raised in Athens. If you haven’t been already, I strongly suggest you visit sometime — the city is pretty underrated, trust me!

I can communicate myself in English, Spanish, and -to a less extend- in German and Chinese. Learning foreign languages is my thing! …

An introduction of my publications featured on Medium…

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Photo by Andrew Neel on Unsplash

My goal on Medium has always been to write educative articles that could provide value to the reader.

I enjoy writing about topics I find fascinating, mainly paleontology and ocean liners. Since the topics and themes of my stories are pretty specific, I had a hard time finding fitting publications for them. Therefore, I decided to create new ones from scratch.

I am currently an editor of Tales of Prehistory and Maiden Voyage publications. Below follows a brief introduction of them covering their themes, approach, and target audience.

Tales of Prehistory Publication

Explore stories that have been chosen for further distribution…

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Photo by bruce mars on Unsplash

Curation on Medium practically means that a story has been distributed through one or more topics on the platform.

A curated story can be included in Medium’s daily digest email, or it can be featured more frequently both in the app and the website to readers interested in the specific topic(s). Thus it makes sense for writers to strive for curation since their stories can get higher exposure.

This doesn’t mean that non-curated stories are necessarily of lower quality. The articles are reviewed by people and in the end, the decision about whether an article will be curated or not is partly subjective. One should learn to live with that. …

All the stories I’ve written on Medium in one place, categorized for easy access…

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Photo by Ali Yahya on Unsplash

Picture this: you read an article on Medium, you like it, clap it, and decide to follow its author. You visit their profile and start scrolling for more interesting stories. The most recent ones come up first, but there’s always the possibility of a hidden gem lying further back down. Unfortunately, chances are you’ll get tired soon and quit searching. Does this sound familiar?

It’s true that browsing one’s profile on Medium can be a time-consuming and frustrating experience. …

Recent finds from New Mexico confirm that tyrannosaurs engaged in cannibalistic behavior…

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T.rex skeleton / Photo by Hay Kranen / Wikimedia Commons

Tyrannosaurs, the family of dinosaurs that includes the eponymous T.rex, were the apex predators of their ecosystems during the latest part of the Cretaceous Period (80–66 million years ago). Thanks to their powerful jaws and large teeth, these ferocious carnivores could prey upon any animal they wanted, including even members of their own species. That’s right: the terrifying tyrannosaurs may have also been cannibals.

Evidence from New Mexico

Recent evidence from the San Juan Basin in New Mexico confirms the idea that tyrannosaurs engaged in cannibalistic behavior from time to time.

Three newly found partial bones pertaining to adult, subadult, and juvenile tyrannosaurs preserve several bite marks and other feeding traces left by another tyrannosaur. The bones include an isolated anterior left dentary (bone of the lower jaw), a proximal caudal centrum (tail vertebrate), and an isolated right femur (thigh bone). …

The emergence of fiction was a turning point for our evolution…

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Photo by Matthew Henry from Burst

Homo sapiens have been already present in Africa around 250,000 years ago. Yet, it differed little from the rest, contemporary species of humans living elsewhere on the planet [1]. Those archaic Homo sapiens were living in small family bands and were incapable of building and producing extremely sophisticated tools and art. They were a rather insignificant group of animals in terms of population and impact.

Just a few millennia later, the very same species builds monuments of extreme sophistication and scale (e.g. the Pyramids), achieves some unprecedented feats (e.g. …

Five examples of how organisms have evolved, rather than been created…

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The Creation of Adam / Michelangelo / Wikimedia Commons

A recent poll carried out by Gallop suggests that 40% of U.S. citizens support creationism. Creationism is the religious belief claiming that the universe and life originated ‘from specific acts of divine creation’, as opposed to natural processes.

Unfortunately for creationists, the amount of evidence confirming that humans, and all other organisms, gradually evolved from simpler life forms through the course of hundreds of millions of years leaves no room for doubt:

Evolution is a fact — Creationism is scientifically wrong.

Creationism cannot provide reasonable explanations for several discoveries in geology, biology, and anatomy (to name a few indicative fields). To show the shortcomings of creationism, let’s examine five cases that make little sense if we accept the literal interpretation of the creation myths found in the Bible. …

The conflicting image between a movie monster and a 66 million-year-old dinosaur…

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Molding of a Tyrannosaurus rex skeleton in the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences in Brussels. / Jamain / Wikimedia Commons.

“A name like Tyrannosaurus rex is just irresistible to the tongue.” — Robert Bakker

Tyrannosaurus rex is one of the most famous and easily recognizable monsters of popular culture starring in numerous films, movies, and documentaries. Unfortunately, our perception of this remarkable animal is often way different than the actual predator that lived in western North America 66 million years ago.

To get a more accurate picture of the ‘tyrant lizard king’ we need to steer away from Hollywood movies and to focus instead on the available scientific data. Fortunately, T.rex …

Mesozoic Quick Fact Series:

Introducing the remarkable Triceratops and its kin…

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Casts of fossilized Triceratops skulls (juvenile and adult) / Image by FunkMonk / Wikimedia Commons

Mesozoic Quick Fact Series (MQFS) aims to provide interesting facts about various groups of extinct animals in a fun and readable way. We will focus on the highlights, so you don’t need to read extensive, time-consuming texts!

In this article, we will take a quick overview of the Ceratopsia, a successful group of ornithischian dinosaurs that thrived in the Northern Hemisphere during the Late Cretaceous Period.

Let’s jump right through!

Starting with the basics…

The name Ceratopsia translates to ‘horned faces’. It is derived from the Greek kéras meaning ‘horn’ and ópsis meaning ‘appearance, view’ and by extension ‘face’. Although ‘-ceratops’ is the preferred suffix used in ceratopsian names, this is not always the case.


Panos Grigorakakis

Journalist| Science & Ocean Liner aficionado| Amateur Paleo-illustrator|

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